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Maya- The unknown Ruler

“We run towards illusionary happiness, the materialistic life. We should know that real happiness is within us. We just need to identify it.”

Maya is a cosmic illusion. It’s a magic we generally fail to identify. We are known to be in illusion from the past to present days.
Maya is not an ordinary kind of illusion. It decieve us of reality and make us see what it wants us to show. Due to Maya, it’s difficult to recognize the truth and our life is affected a lot. It’s just because of Maya that we are blind despite having eyes, deaf despite having ears and mute despite having mouth.
Maya cover the reality/ the truth in such a way that we see illusion but believe it to be reality. Maya is just like a mirage which shows water in desert.

Life on Earth isn’t real but a divine Leela.

If everything is illusion, then what’s reality? Where is truth?
This is the major metaphysical problem in philosophy. What we consider reality, isn’t true in real. Reality is completely different from what we see around.

Today’s perspective:  Influence of ‘Maya’ in our Life

Today our world is most badly affected by Maya. I will put forward the daily life examples which would make it easier to understand the concepts:
Today we give time to technology & work so much, that we forget to give time to our own family, people, and even to self.
We won’t skip a day browsing Instagram, Facebook, twitter and we rarely get time to read the artistic writings and noble works of writers.
Today communication & transport has turned much easier due to technology, but we don’t prefer going to our village and spending time with our relatives.
Today the right means of living is broadcasted everywhere on TV, Internet, and social media. Still, our country is fighting cancer, HIV and another deadly disease.
Because of Maya, the loyal & poor people are ignored; whereas corrupted & rich are celebrated.
Today the royalty is measured by dressing & styles, and not by knowledge & beliefs. And the blame goes to Maya.
Our country is badly affected by the illusionary power of MAYA. Our life is threatened for its true essence. We focus our major part of life in building a happy house, and suddenly the disaster comes, and everything is destroyed.

How could we avoid falling in the trap of Maya?

“We run towards illusionary happiness, the materialistic life. We should know that real happiness is within us. We just need to identify it.”
There are so many limitations in people’s thinking & beliefs. Despite all these drawbacks, our country prospers because it values the talents and keeps on pushing the poor to live a life of comfort & respect.
The reason is explicably called as the self-power. Maya despite being so powerful & outreach, couldn’t affect the soul which could differentiate between the reality & fake.
In today’s world, if we identify the reality & fake,  then we are untouched by the mischief of Maya.
WE are humans, a masterpiece with errors. So, we shouldn’t be afraid of errors but should do our tasks with great pride and interests. Whatever will turn wrong could be blamed to Maya.”
Despite having the influence of Maya, an illusion, if we try to manage our life positively & logically, we can avoid getting affected by Maya.

Philosophical perspectives: Understanding Maya

1. Maya projects illusion and Maya conceals the truth. Maya stops us from achieving God’s realization and self-realization. It’s because of Maya that we are drowning in the sea of ignorance. We can’t see the island of truth. We are an intelligent being. But, we feel like most ignored.
2. Maya creates the materialistic desires in us. It’s the materialistic desires which make us do work or activity. Since childhood, we want to grab the thing we see. We are running for fake happiness only to be realized at the end.
The secret of the universe couldn’t be explored because we are troubled by Maya.  Modern science is exploring the universe and has been true in finding some deep truth. But still, it hasn’t found the absolute truth. It’s because of Maya we couldn’t reach to the absolute truth. The more efforts we put to get the truth, the bigger the problems turn.
3. The most important question which arises in understanding Maya:
If Maya is projecting illusion everywhere, then what about our own world? Does the world really exist? Or it is just the projection of Maya? Vedanta Philosophy explains that world doesn’t exist in reality. It exists only in relation to our mind. It’s same as per the definition given by popular Greek philosopher Descartes. I think; I exist. And therefore, I exist; the world exists.
Since our world has got both positive and negative phenomenon. And so, our world couldn’t be defined as completely real. Our world has got both optimistic & pessimistic thing. Our world seems hopeful and disaster at the same time. The dual nature of the world couldn’t be accepted in the theory of absolutism. Because of the duality of the nature of this world, philosophers and scientists have declared it as unreal and geared up to search the real world. Or the world which has got complete truth and no falsehood. Unfortunately, it hasn’t been possible to reach the truth despite persistent efforts.
4. Spirituality claims that realism is all inside us. There is no way we could find it at another place. While spirituality is exploring the inner life, scientists are making an effort to find reality outside.
Conclusively, no satisfactory results have been found. And all is blamed to the unknown ruler- the Maya which deceives us in a way that no-one could explore the reality. If we fully understand Maya, we would be successful in identifying and judging reality.
When we know the reality, everything changes, and we feel peace.
Therefore, let’s start getting unaffected by the materialistic life and focus on the true, spiritualistic, valuable, and genuine development of the self.
I hope you like the summary on ‘Maya’. Though there are many concepts related to Maya, I tried to finish it in reference to our actual life. Thanks for your continuous support. 🙂

Are we following Charvakas style of living?

Etymologically, the actual meaning of  Charvaka is not yet fully known. But some reference to ancient texts suggests that ‘Chara Vaka’ or ‘Charu Vaka’ or ‘sweet talks’ is the meaning of Charvaka. It is also said that the philosophy arises from the Sage whose name was Charvaka. The other meaning of Charvaka is ‘to chew’. Charvaka also means philosophy of Lokayukta. Lokayukta signifies People’s philosophy.
charvaka thoughts
Charvaka Philosophy is purely hedonistic. It follows the principle of maximization of one’s pleasure. One’s goodness is prioritized before the goodness of others. It also rejects the principle of Utilitarianism i.e., the happiness of the greatest number of people in society. The main principle of Charvaka thought is to look for one’s happiness even if others happiness is compromised. It believes in natural principles and so it is against the metaphysical systems which try to discover unseen realities. This philosophy is dependent on present conditions, it neither thinks of past nor plans for the future. Whatever happiness is available could be gathered in the present existing circumstances. It says that once this body deteriorates, and it dies there is nothing left to achieve or lose. So within the time limit of existence of this body, all kinds of pleasure should be achieved.

Artha(Money & Wealth)

The principle concepts of Purusharthas are Dharma(duties), Artha(money & wealth), Kama(sexual pleasure) and Moksha(liberation of a soul). Out of four of this, Charvaka accepts only Artha(money)and Kama(pleasure). The other two are described as unnecessary. Due to this nature of Charvaka, another Indian Philosophy such as Jainas and Buddha criticizes Charvaka. They believe that the Charvaka don’t follow any ground of morality and so it could not be counted as a School of Indian thoughts. It doesn’t even have any theoretic metaphysical characteristics which are considered as a very essential part of philosophy.

Charvaka Philosophy is said to be developed and taken forward by Charvaka itself and Kesakambalin. Still, there is a dispute that the founder of actual materialistic school is Brahaspati. In the Brahaspati Sutra, the thoughts of materialism and the characteristics of such schools are mentioned. Though this philosophy is very ancient and considered from the time of 6th & 7th century CE, the memorised, reproduced and translated versions are available which explains some concepts from the ancient accepted thoughts. The ancient texts & scriptures describe its entry as one of the six schools of ancient Indian thought.

“Eat, Drink & Be Merry”- Materialistic Life

This school is also called as Nastik Darshan or atheist philosophy. Atheist Philosophy is not because of their godless nature but because they don’t believe in the authorities of ancient texts of Vedas. The other Nastik Darshans are Jainas and Buddhas.

The School of Charvaka is repeatedly blamed for their non-acceptance of Hindus theism and moralism of Buddhist and Jainas. But their believes in hedonism is so strong that they even think morality as the actual culprit in the cessation of complete happiness. It is because morality brings some restrictions on our actual flow of life.

The Ethics of Charvaka Philosophy is egoism. And the personal ego is considered as supreme from any other ego of God or other beings. They are self-centred and believe in the happiness of self.  As said earlier, they don’t even care for the Universal theory of Utilitarianism.
Epistemologically, this school accepts only one source of knowledge and i.e., called as a Pramana or Pratyaksha or Perception. The knowledge which could be observed through naked eyes could only be considered as true. The other knowledge apart from this is considered as false or irrelevance.

They reject inference on the ground that the inference is second knowledge. The knowledge which is concluded by means of some other knowledge couldn’t be true according to Charvaka. On this regard, they have also rejected the testimony or verbal or written reproduction of knowledge. This types of knowledge couldn’t be believed on the ground that it has not been self-witnessed. It could be true or false. And that depends totally on the original perceiver. Therefore, Charvaka accepts only one source of knowledge and i.e., Perception.

Knowledge is Perception

Charvaka Philosophy and science has got a similarity, they both don’t consider any metaphysical realities and they have their own materialistic concepts on the realities of the world. They both think that matter is above all the things in universe. And matter is solely responsible for the formation and development of all the realities which we are aware of.

To round up, Charvaka doesn’t believe in any supernatural facts of God, life after death, eternity, soul and supernatural concepts beyond reality. The ultimate theory is positivism and hedonism. ‘It is worth to have a good life, once we are dead we couldn’t change anything.’ Charvaka Philosophy doesn’t even hesitate to take debt for the fulfilment of their personal- happiness. Once they are dead, there won’t come anyone to collect money of debt.  The materialistic philosophy of Charvaka, in short, is “Eat, drink and be merry.”

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